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10+ Famous Watercolor Artists Who Continue to Influence Painting Today

Famous Watercolor Artists You Should Know

 

John James Audubon (1785 – 1851)

John James Audubon Bird Watercolor

“The Birds of America” Depicting a Ruffed Grouse. (Photo: Public Domain)

It was about 90 years ago that John James Audubon completed The Birds of America, but it’s still lauded as being one of the best ornithological books ever produced. Audubon’s quest to document our feathered friends also helped start the artistic tradition of naturalistic renderings being completed with watercolor.

Famous Watercolor Artists John James Audubon

“Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) and Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus),” circa 1825. (Photo: Public Domain)

 

Elizabeth Murray (1815 – 1882)

Elizabeth Murray Watercolor Paintings

“Vista de la Orotava y del Pico Teide,” circa 1851. (Photo: Public Domain)

British artist Elizabeth Murray learned watercolor painting from her father, Thomas Heaphy, who was also a watercolorist. The two traveled together and Murray spent extensive time in Rome, Morroco, and the Canary Islands. Over the course of 10 years, she painted the landscape as well as portraits from her travels, too. Her works are known for her color choices which use brown, violet, blue, black, red, and gold as well as olive and tan colors to give them a warm-toned appearance.

Elizabeth Murray Watercolor Paintings

“Church Patronage,” 1860. (Photo: Public Domain)

 

Thomas Moran (1837 – 1926)

Watercolor Paintings

“In the Bighorn Mountains,” 1889. (Photo: Public Domain)

Thomas Moran is famous for his landscape watercolors, particularly those of Yellowstone National Park. In fact, it’s his ethereal images of its geysers and hot springs that helped convinced the U.S. Congress to formally designate it as Yellowstone National Park in 1892. Moran’s practice was informed by the Hudson River and Rocky Mountain schools—artistic schools and movements that shaped the aesthetics and imagery of 19th-century American landscape painting.

Watercolor Paintings

“Yellowstone, Hot Spring,” 1892. (Photo: Public Domain)

 

Winslow Homer (1836 – 1910)

Famous Watercolor Painting

“Gloucester Harbor,” 1873. (Photo: Public Domain)

Self-taught painter Winslow Homer based his artistic practice of being in the moment. Although a very private person, one of his contemporaries, artist Eugene Benson, wrote that Homer believed artists “should never look at pictures.” Rather, they should “stutter in a language of their own” and paint (or draw) directly from life. For Homer, this meant idyllic, quiet scenes of everyday life that he completed at home in Massachusetts as well as trips abroad.

Winslow Home Watercolor Painting

“Three Fisher Girls,” 1881. (Photo: Public Domain)

 

John Singer Sargent (1856 – 1925)

John Singer Sargent Watercolor Painting

“Gondoliers’ Siesta,” circa 1904. (Photo: Public Domain)

John Singer Sargent is renowned for his portraiture, but his watercolor works mark a departure from them. In a similar tradition to other painters, his watercolors were often of landscapes that documented his travels. In these compositions, Sargent tweaked his style to reflect the playful fluidity of the medium; whereas his oil portraits were tightly rendered, the watercolor images of ships and the shore were done in a gestural style.

John Singer Sargent Watercolor Painting

“Muddy Alligators,” 1917. (Photo: Public Domain)

 

Georgia O’Keeffe (1887 – 1986)

Evening Star, No. IIIGeorgia O’Keeffe began experimenting with watercolors in her late 20s as a way to play with color and composition. This was before her iconic oil paintings of flowers, and the abstracted watercolors chronicle her artistic journey to becoming comfortable working in a less representational style.

Georgia O' Keeffe Watercolor Painting

“Sunrise,” 1916. (Photo: Public Domain)

 

Paul Klee (1879 – 1940)

Paul Klee

In 1911, Paul Klee joined an artist group called Blaue Reiter, an organization that used their work as a way to express “spiritual truths.” Interested in the likes of non-figurative art and primitivism, color was an important part of the group’s aesthetic. Klee’s watercolor paintings were a means of experimentation in order to understand his relationship with the “realm of color.”

Klee, Paul (1879-1940) - 1919 Black Columns in Landscape (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York)

 

Charles Demuth (1883 – 1935)

Watercolor Paintings

“Trees and Barns: Bermuda,” 1917. (Photo: Public Domain)

Charles Demuth artistically came of age during modernism, and his encounters with Cubism was a big influence to his watercolor works. This love of sharp lines and geometric shapes made him a founding member of the Precisionist Movement; his structured elements were paired with diffused washes, fusing order and chaos.

Charles Demuth Watercolor Painting

“Bermuda No. 2, The Schooner,” 1917. (Photo: CC0 1.0)

 

Reginald Marsh (1898 – 1954)

Watercolor Paintings

“Locomotive,” 1932. (Photo: Public Domain)

Reginald Marsh’s works have become synonymous with New York City. During the 1930s and 40s, he chronicled the everyday life of the bustling metropolis; this included areas on the fringe like burlesque parlors and Coney Island. With such observational skills, his work was a perfect fit for journalism, and he worked for The Daily News. Of watercolor, he said, “Watercolor I took up and took to it well, with no introduction.”

Watercolor Paintings

“Tug Boats, New York,” 1938. (Photo: Public Domain)

 

Andrew Wyeth (1917 – 2009)

Andrew Wyeth

American artist Andrew Wyeth is the son of a well-known illustrator, N.C. Wyeth. Thanks to his father’s guidance, Andrew mastered watercolor at an early age. By 20 years old, he had his first solo exhibition featuring all watercolor paintings. (The show sold out.) As his career continued to grow, Andrew expanded his chosen media to egg tempera, but he continued to create watercolors inspired by his solitary walks in his hometown of Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania as well as Cushing, Maine.

Wyeth:My Studio

 

Edward Hopper (1882 – 1967)

'St Michael's College, Santa Fe' by Edward Hopper

Edward Hopper is known for oil paintings like the iconic Nighthawks, but the artist was adept at watercolors, too. In both media, Hopper’s focus was the same; the American experience as seen through landscapes. “My aim in painting,” he’s quoted as saying, “has always been the most exact transcription possible of my most intimate impressions of nature.”

"Hill and House" Watercolor by Edward Hopper 1927

 

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Sara Barnes

Sara Barnes is a Staff Editor at My Modern Met and Manager of My Modern Met Store. As an illustrator and writer living in Seattle, she chronicles illustration, embroidery, and beyond through her blog Brown Paper Bag and Instagram @brwnpaperbag. She wrote a book about embroidery artist Sarah K. Benning titled 'Embroidered Life' that was published by Chronicle Books in 2019. Sara is a graduate of the Maryland Institute College of Art. She earned her BFA in Illustration in 2008 and MFA in Illustration Practice in 2013.

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