Designed by German architectural firm GMP, the Hanoi Museum was conceived as an inverted pyramid. The museum seems to float, while a park appears to protrude beneath the building. The landscape is beautiful, with water basins and large areas for outdoor exhibits in the style of old Hanoi.
The 323,000 sq ft (30,000 sq m) museum can be entered from all four cardinal points. Visitors can reach the upper levels via a spiral ramp, which offers a unique perspective into the entrance hall and exhibition areas. While the first to third floors are used solely for exhibition purposes, the fourth floor also contains conference rooms, research rooms, offices, and a library.