Retro-Futuristic Monuments in Ex-Yugoslavia


As a child of former Yugoslavia (now Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, etc.), I would like to present some amazing retro-futuristic monuments in my motherland. The structures were commissioned by former Yugoslavian president Josip Broz Tito in the 1960s and ’70s to commemorate sites where WWII battles took place (Tjentite, Kozara, Kadinjaca), and where concentration camps once stood (Jasenovac, Ni).

The monuments were designed to convey the confidence and strength of the Socialist Republic. Sculptors include Duan Damonja, Vojin Bakic, Miodrag ivkovic, Jordan and Iskra Grabul, to name a few. Bogdan Bogdanovic and Gradimir Medakovic were the architects.

In the 1980s, the monuments attracted millions of visitors each year, especially young pioneers for their “patriotic education.” After the Republic dissolved in the early 1990s, they were completely abandoned and their symbolic meanings faded away.
























Photo credit: Jan KempenaersPhotos via [arch daily]

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