At the start of the 20th century, Expressionism turned the art world on its head. Spearheaded by German artists aiming to distort reality and “express” emotion, this modernist movement called for bright colors, bold brushstrokes, and energetic compositions. While Expressionism's popularity waned by 1920, it has since sparked several styles and genres, with the Neo-Expressionists—a pack of daring artists—leading the charge.
In the 1870s, forward-thinking artists in France set modern art into motion when they established Impressionism.
Throughout the 20th century, several styles of avant-garde art helped shape modern art.
As an artist that emerged in the aftermath of World War II, Francis Bacon explored feelings like pain, fear, and anger in his paintings. It was his intention to create art that reflected raw and honest emotion. His intense, grotesque style portrayed animal-like forms that veered on the alien, as well as distressed human figures often screaming in pain or horror.
As a pioneer of Norwegian Expressionism, painter Edvard Munch is known for his deep investigations into the human psyche.
Fascinated by new industry and thrilled by what laid ahead, the early 20th-century Futurists carved out a place in history.
In the 1920s, forward-thinking artists began looking to the glitz and grit of industry for inspiration. This fascination with new technologies was particularly prevalent in the United States, where artists adapted international movements driven by industrialization, like Art Deco and Mexican Muralism. In addition to these borrowed practices, however, some artists worked in a style that was all-American: Precisionism. Though influenced by European sensibilities, Precisionism is indigenous to the United States.
Throughout the course of art history, certain works have come to define movements.
With a career that spanned more than six decades, Salvador Dalí is undoubtedly one of the most influential figures in modern art. Upon his death in 1989, he'd created an astonishing legacy that not only includes his most famous Surrealist paintings, but sculpture, film, photography, and much more. As an eccentric figure from childhood, Dalí loved to push the boundaries—both in his personal and professional life.
Though he may have some of the most famous pop art paintings of all time, how much do you really...
A pioneer of 20th-century art, Dutch-American painter Willem de Kooning rose to prominence together with a group of post-World War...