Since its emergence over 100 years ago, Cubism has been regarded as one of modern art‘s most famous and fascinating art movements. Cubism is closely associated with iconic artists like Pablo Picasso, whose avant-garde approach to everyday subject matter turned art history on its head. Featuring fractured forms and topsy-turvy compositions, Cubism abandoned the figurative portrayals found in genres of art and moved toward total abstraction.
Abstract artist Ellsworth Kelly is known for pushing the envelope with his avant-garde paintings, prints, and sculptures.
As France approached the turn of the 20th-century, several modernist movements had started to take shape.
At the start of the 20th century, Expressionism turned the art world on its head. Spearheaded by German artists aiming to distort reality and “express” emotion, this modernist movement called for bright colors, bold brushstrokes, and energetic compositions. While Expressionism's popularity waned by 1920, it has since sparked several styles and genres, with the Neo-Expressionists—a pack of daring artists—leading the charge.
In the 1870s, forward-thinking artists in France set modern art into motion when they established Impressionism.
As an artist that emerged in the aftermath of World War II, Francis Bacon explored feelings like pain, fear, and...
As a pioneer of Norwegian Expressionism, painter Edvard Munch is known for his deep investigations into the human psyche. His most recognizable artwork, The Scream, remains a touchstone in the history of art. Since its creation in 1893, this painting has remained an iconic commentary on human anguish and suffering, but often people know quite little about its creator. So who was Edvard Munch and what led him to create such a powerful piece of art?
Fascinated by new industry and thrilled by what laid ahead, the early 20th-century Futurists carved out a place in history.
In the 1920s, forward-thinking artists began looking to the glitz and grit of industry for inspiration.
Bold, innovative, progressive, experimental—all words that describe art that pushes boundaries and creates change. These characteristics are also all associated with a term that is often used but sometimes misconceived—avant-garde. The French term, which translates to “advance guard” or “vanguard,” refers to something visionary and ahead of its time. Used frequently to discuss artistic contributions to society and culture, avant-garde is responsible for some of the most memorable works in history.
Throughout the course of art history, certain works have come to define movements.