Photographer Spends Two Years Building Enormous Wet Plate Camera and Bus Darkroom

Wet Plate Camera and Bus Darkroom by Bill Hao

Most wet plate photographers stick to studio portraits, and there's a very good reason for this. Not only can the equipment be heavy, but working quickly is essential. The photographer needs to coat, expose, fix, and develop the plate within a very short timeframe, so there must be a darkroom on site. But photographer Bill Hao didn't let these obstacles stop him from fulfilling his dream to take large landscape photos using the wet plate collodion process. In fact, he spent two years building his own giant camera and converting a bus into a portable darkroom so that he could take his wet plate photography on the road.

Hao's love of photography began when he was a teenager. At the time, he used film and would develop his own images. Since 2015 he's been immersed in the wet plate process, finding it a satisfying alternative to digital technology. “I'm not saying that the old process is better than digital,” he tells My Modern Met. “Of course, today's digital technology is simple, fast, and great. But for me, the image capture techniques of the old days, especially the wet collodion process, offer better quality, more tone, more detail, and a larger format. An image made with the old process looks more realistic and can be preserved for longer.”

Passionate about landscape photography, Hao built his first 11″x11″ camera in 2015. At that time, he also converted a Dodge Caravan into a small darkroom. But, as time went on, he was looking to go bigger, and, with wet plate photography, the only way to do that is to scale up. So, in 2019, he set about creating something even bigger.

It took him two years—and a lot of trial and error—but in the end, he was able to create a camera that would produce the size he desired. And, most importantly, was something that he would be able to set up and operate himself. When completely open, the camera is 52″x37″x70″ and weighs 110 pounds. The lens and film holder adds an additional 44 pounds. Each of its three tripods weighs 22 pounds.

The glass plates that Hao uses are 3 mm thick and measure 32″×48″, giving him the large format that he's after. But, of course, the camera is only half the battle. So, he also spent eight months converting a bus into a darkroom, ensuring that he would have space for all the chemicals required, as well as electricity and water. As Hao likes to go off the grid in search of beautiful scenery, being self-sufficient was key.

Now he spends ample time in the Canadian Rockies. It's an environment he's quite familiar with after having operated a tour company in the area for 16 years. His setup gives him the freedom to spend large stretches of time in the Rockies, perfecting the difficult techniques of wet plate landscape photography.

“During my time working, I have observed how the landscape changes [and] how beautiful natural features disappear,” he shares. “My collodion plate may last for two hundred years, but some landscapes may not—they may disappear in the future. This is why I started using the wet collodion process to record them, and anyway the beautiful view for everyone is great!”

Photographer Bill Hao is passionate about wet plate collodion photography.

Wet Plate Landscape Photography by Bill Hao

Largescale Wet Plate Photography by Bill Hao

But he wanted to take his work on the road, so he spent two years building a large format camera.

Bill Hao Making Wet Plate Camera

Bill Hao Making Wet Plate Camera

Large Wet Plate Camera Built by Bill Hao

It uses 32×48 inch glass plates and the body alone weighs 110 pounds.

Bill Hao with Large Wet Plate Camera on Site

He also spent eight months converting a bus into a portable darkroom.

Converting a Bus Into a Portable Darkroom

Developing Wet Plate Photo

Developing Wet Plate Photo by Bill Hao

Developing Wet Plate Photo by Bill Hao

Now, he's able to spend long stretches off the grid in the Canadian Rockies and perfect his wet plate photography.

Bill Hao: Instagram 

My Modern Met granted permission to feature photos by Bill Hao.

Related Articles:

Wet-Plate Collodion Technique Applied to Old Tin Cans

Creating a Time Machine with Wet Plate Collodion Prints

Photographer Turns His Tricycle into a Portable Wet Plate Photography Darkroom

Man Transforms a $200 Camper Trailer into a Giant Functional Camera and Darkroom

Jessica Stewart

Jessica Stewart is a Staff Editor and Digital Media Specialist for My Modern Met, as well as a curator and art historian. Since 2020, she is also one of the co-hosts of the My Modern Met Top Artist Podcast. She earned her MA in Renaissance Studies from University College London and now lives in Rome, Italy. She cultivated expertise in street art which led to the purchase of her photographic archive by the Treccani Italian Encyclopedia in 2014. When she’s not spending time with her three dogs, she also manages the studio of a successful street artist. In 2013, she authored the book 'Street Art Stories Roma' and most recently contributed to 'Crossroads: A Glimpse Into the Life of Alice Pasquini'. You can follow her adventures online at @romephotoblog.
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