Home / Animals / Majestic Barn Owl Has Spectacular Spotted Plumage That Reminds People of Food

Majestic Barn Owl Has Spectacular Spotted Plumage That Reminds People of Food

Portrait of a Barn Owl

Photo: Jessica Stewart/My Modern Met

As one of the most widespread birds in the world, the barn owl is also one of the most beautiful. Found on every continent except Antarctica, the medium-sized owl is instantly familiar thanks to its white, heart-shaped face. This is offset by speckled brown plumage, which gives it a distinct contrast and a variety of associations. Some think their spotted feathers look like poppy seeds while others see the color and imagine a toasted marshmallow. However you choose to view their plumage, one thing is clear: it is a stunning creature.

The distinctive bird makes an equally unique sound. Rather than the familiar hoot we typically associate with owls, this species is known for its shriek. The length of the scream will give you a clue as to what it is about. According to The Cornell Lab, male barn owls use it to invite a female to “inspect a nest site” while female owls will shriek as a way of asking for food from the male. A longer sound, lasting three to four seconds, is an indication that an intruder or predator might be trying to disturb their nest.

Barn owls are a favorite of farmers thanks to their great skill for hunting small rodents, lizards, and even insects. As with most owls, they are nocturnal. This means that they have excellent vision in low light and incredible hearing, which allows them to grab prey even in the dark. Of course, there are some exceptions, with barn owls in Britain and on some Pacific Islands also hunting by day. Their hunting method consists of either flying low over the ground in search of prey or by flying down from a perch.

While barn owls will typically mate two to three times a year and maintain a healthy population, this doesn’t mean that they don’t face threats. Predators include raccoons, opossums, eagles, and other larger owls. When threatened, barn owls lower their head and sway from side to side as they hiss and snap their beak. Changes in weather can also drastically affect their lifespans, as this causes a scarcity of food and changes the breeding seasons. Luckily, barn owls are a species of “least concern” according to the IUCN, which means we can enjoy their presence roosting in barns, belfries, and hollow trees for years to come.

Barn owls are one of the most common birds in the world.

Portrait of a Barn Owl

Photo: Jessica Stewart/My Modern Met

They’re easily recognizable for their heart-shaped face and mottled feathers.

Close Up of Barn Owl

Photo: Jessica Stewart/My Modern Met

Portrait of a Barn Owl

Photo: Stock Photos from Gary C. Tognoni/Shutterstock

Portrait of a Barn Owl

Photo: Stock Photos from Eric Gevaert/Shutterstock

Portrait of a Barn Owl

Photo: Stock Photos from Renata Apanaviciene/Shutterstock

Some think their plumage looks like poppy seeds or toasted marshmallows.

Close Up of Barn Owl Feathers

Photo: Stock Photos from The Five Aggregates/Shutterstock

Pair of Barn Owls in a Nest

Photo: Stock Photos from Daniel Zuppinger/Shutterstock

Barn Owl in Flight

Photo: Stock Photos from Ondrej Prosicky/Shutterstock

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Owls Perfectly Camouflaged Within Trees by Graham McGeorge

Magnificent Photos of Owls in Flight

Jessica Stewart

Jessica Stewart is a Contributing Writer and Digital Media Specialist for My Modern Met, as well as a curator and art historian. She earned her MA in Renaissance Studies from University College London and now lives in Rome, Italy. She cultivated expertise in street art which led to the purchase of her photographic archive by the Treccani Italian Encyclopedia in 2014. When she’s not spending time with her three dogs, she also manages the studio of a successful street artist. In 2013, she authored the book 'Street Art Stories Roma' and most recently contributed to 'Crossroads: A Glimpse Into the Life of Alice Pasquini'. You can follow her adventures online at @romephotoblog.

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